Circa 1759 Cornelius Leary applied for and was granted a tract of land to cultivate cotton and coffee near the mouth of the Demerara River. When he died this estate was inherited by his wife Eve Leary. In 1796 when the colony was captured by the British the garrison officers established a village on the Eve Leary estate. Built by the officers at the garrison, Kingston with its small cottages set amidst gardens resembled a little English village.
Some claim that Kingston was named in honor of Lieutenant Robert Kingston who constructed Fort St. George, whilst others claimed that it was named after King George. The name of streets such as Parade Street, Fort Street, and Duke Street( was named in honor of one of the Royal Dukes, son of George 11) are a reminder of the military heritage of this ward of the city of Georgetown.
The Immigration Agent General Office, housed from its institution in 1838 the officials responsible for Indian immigration into the colony. These immigrants provided the first successful substitute for the enslaved Africans after Abolition in 1834 and Emancipation in 1838. The Teachers Training College was also housed in this building, which at present is the office of the National Centre For Education Resource Development.
The Guyana Marine Turtle Monument, illustrating life as a newly hatched Leatherback turtle crawls out of its shell was erected by the Guyana Marine Turtle 2001 Conservation Organization to synthesize the public of their natural heritage.
The Red House or Kamana Court was once the official residence of the Colonial Secretaries and prior to that was occupied and owned by Sir Eustace Woolford, a former speaker of the legislature. Dr. Cheddi Jagan lived there whilst he was the Premier of British Guiana. The Red House may be described as a serviceable structure of good proportions rather than as elegant. It is covered with wooden shingles on all sides. It appropriately houses The Cheddi Jagan Research Centre.
The Round House is of 19th century origin. It was a lookout point with guns commanding the entry to Port Georgetown.
British Military Cemetery was established circa1824 when Eve Leary was bought for 47,374 guilders ($18,949.60) and burial grounds were laid out on this land. Subsequently new barracks were laid out on this land and soon Eve Leary became a fashionable burial place.
It became a custom to allow the burial there of any person holding military rank. Walter Rupert Durban, the son of one of Guyana’s colonial Governors is buried there.
The Wai Wai Indians, from Konashen in the southern Rupununi Savannahs, constructed the Umana Yana in 1972 for a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Non- Aligned nations. Its structural members are lashed together with bush ropes. The conical shaped roof is a combination of troolie and ite palm leaves.
The Lighthouse is approximately a quarter mile from the port of Georgetown, it is situated at the mouth of the Demerara River. The foundation stone of the present building was laid in 1830, replacing a wooden lighthouse which was constructed by the Dutch in 1817.
Austin House, formerly Kingston House is the residence of the Archbishop of Guyana. This traditional timber house with characteristics of Victorian architecture was located much closer to the street. However, it is rumored that the Bishop’s nine children threw objects at people passing thus, the house was moved westwards to its present location.
The Inter American Development Bank is an excellent example of the traditional architecture characterized by the Demerara windows and Georgian six paned windows, a testimony to the artistry of Guyanese builders.
The Bandstand is another amenity that complements the surroundings of the area. It was erected by public subscription in 1903 in memorial to Her Majesty Queen Victoria who died in January 1901.
Eve Leary Barracks, these were constructed circa 1825 at the order of Governor Durban to house the military forces. It is believed that the officers’ quarters derived its name ‘Eve Leary’, from a young European girl who committed suicide by throwing herself over the eastern block
The four tall ‘bull –forehead’ greenheart poles constitute a monument to theAfrican Freedom Fighters which was erected in the compound of the Umana Yana. when the United Nations Commission met in Georgetown in 1974. It was unveiled by former President, the late Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham on 26 August 1974,’Namibia Day’.
The Canadian High Commission, was previously the main home of the Sisters of Mercy in Guyana. In 1977, this building was purchased by the Canadian Government, some thirteen years after Canada first established her diplomatic mission in Guyana.
Kingston Methodist Church was opened in 1831 at Kingston as a branch of Trinity in Werk en Rust. The churches were established in consequence of the early efforts of the first Methodists that arrived in the colony to educate the enslaved Africans.
These are located along the Sea Wall, a curving 5 feet height wall of reinforced concrete which was built to prevent the Atlantic Ocean from flooding the low lying coastal land on which Georgetown lies.
Colona House: the first catholic hospital of the city was established in 1945. The Catholic Central committee purchased a private nursing home together with the existing equipment from Dr. Romiti to be used as a hospital.