Monuments express the collective goals, joys and sorrows of our nation. They are reminders of our past, our cultural, social, natural and most importantly, our national heritage.
Enmore Martyrs Monument
The Enmore Martyrs Memorial Monument is located on Enmore Sugar Estate Road, Enmore, East Coast Demerara. It was unveiled by former Prime Minister, Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham on June 16, 1977. The structure was designed by renowned Guyanese artist, Dr. Dennis Williams and was constructed by Zenith Industrial and Construction Co-operation Society in 1976, on behalf of the Government of Guyana. The names of the slain; Lallabagie, 35 years old; Harry, 30 years old; Pooran, 20 years old; Rambarran, 30 years old and Surajballi, 32 years old are engraved onto 5 cutlasses which are fixed to the monument.
Mahatma Ghandi Monument
Mahatma Ghandi was a well-known and respected Indian leader who led the Indian Independence Movement against the British in India. In honouring his achievements, Guyana unveiled a bronze statue of him on a sliver plated wheel on October 2, 1969, 100 years after his birth. It was unveiled by Sir David Rose, Governor General of Guyana and is located in the Promenade Gardens, Cummingsburg, Georgetown.
Queen Victoria Monument
The Queen Victoria Statue is located in the High Court compound, on Avenue of the Republic, Lacytown, Georgetown. The marble sculpture was erected in 1887 to mark the Queen’s year of Jubilee.
Located in Anna Regina in Region two, is the Damon Monument. It was designed by Mr. Ivor Thom and unveiled by the Regional Democratic Council of Region 2 on July 31, 1988, the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery. This bronze sculpture was built in honour of Damon, an African domestic labourer, who protested against the imposed 1834 apprenticeship scheme that required them to continue working on the plantations despite being promised their freedom. Damon was tried and sentenced to death for inciting plantation labourers to strike. His body was hung in front of Public Buildings on October 13, 1834 to send a message to the other labourers.
Burnham’s Mausoleum is located at the Place of the Seven Ponds in the Botanical Gardens. It was designed by renowned architect Mr. George Henry and was completed in 1986. The Mausoleum is the final resting place for Guyana’s first Executive President Mr. Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham. The crucifix shaped structure provides a glimpse of some of the past President’s work and achievements depicted in bronze panels along the walls.
William Russell Memorial
The William Russell Memorial (1827-188) is located within the compound of City Hall, on Avenue of the Republic, Lacytown, Georgetown. It was originally situated in front of Stabroek Market and was erected by the city’s forefathers on November 29, 1892 in recognition of Mr. Russell’s outstanding work in the city of Georgetown, particularly his efforts in developing the East, and founding the West, Demerara Water Conservancies and elaborating on the system of water supply to the city and other parts of the country. He was also known as the ‘planter king’ being connected to many sugar estates throughout the colony.
Devonshire Castle Monument
East Indians indentured servants began to work on the various sugar plantations in British Guyana from May 05, 1838. While under contract, many endured and worked under unjust environments. The Devonshire Castle Strike of 1872 was the first major protest in which these labourers protested against the unfair systems that the plantation owners devised to exploit them.
In recognition with the five servants killed, the Devonshire Castle Monument was erected in the village of Devonshire Castle in 1985, Essequibo Coast, Region 2. The monument was modified in 2000 and rededicated by the National Trust of Guyana on September 29, 2000.
Bandstand- Promenade Gardens
This bandstand which is strategically located in the centre of the spacious grounds of the Promenade Gardens was erected in 1897 by the Corporation of Georgetown in commemoration of Her Majesty Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.